Efficiency and cost targets for technologies to be cost competitive
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) and Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office (HFTO) aim to develop sustainable, affordable and efficient technologies for passenger and freight movement. Technology development targets used by DOE to accelerate the introduction of affordable and efficient vehicles in US. Target setting activities balance the need to improve efficiency of vehicles, while considering the additional cost incurred to the consumer, thus providing a roadmap to improve component such as engines, batteries, fuel cells, hydrogen storage and lightweighting to achieve cost parity with conventional vehicles.
Over the years, Autonomie has been used to support technology technical targets for the USDrive partnership, the 21st Century Truck partnerships (21CTP) as well as VTO and HFTO. More recently, BEAN has been introduced to allow engineers to quickly perform techno-economic analysis for a wide range of technologies using different cost assumptions at the component, vehicle and operational level.
The latest USDrive Technical Targets developed for 2025 include
- An electric vehicle battery at a cost of $100/kWh
- An electric traction drive system at a cost of $6/kW for a 100kW peak system
- An automotive fuel cell system at a cost of $40/kW for an 80kW net system
- An onboard hydrogen storage system at a cost of $9/kWh, assuming a capacity of 5.6kg hydrogen
- A 25% glider5 mass reduction, relative to comparable 2012 vehicles, at cost not to exceed $5/lb. saved
For more information, please visit USDrive 2020 Partnership Plan
Autonomie was also used to develop the fuel cell and hydrogen storage targets for line haul applications in support of HFTO (see Table below)
For more information, please visit HFTO Heavy Duty truck Targets